商业步行街景观环境设计原则

(一)整体性设计原则


设计完整空间,才能使人产生完整意象,进而确保景观环境丰富、适宜。在对生活空间质量展开评价时,通常将以适宜性为基本指标。在商业步行街景观环境设计中,空间环境是否适宜主要取决于空间尺度和人的行为模式,需完成比例适合和界定鲜明的积极空间的设计。而想要自然而然将人引入到卖场空间中,就要确保空间秩序的完整统一,以完成结构空间过渡的恰当处理。因此,商业步行街景观环境设计需遵循整体性原则,确保步行街整体规划能够与城市外部空间环境相融合,并且实现与城市交通网络的有效衔接,以确保周边区域环境能够得到协调统一。在具体设计过程中,需对步行街内交通、照明、景观小品、基础设施和绿化等要素进行综合考虑,以便通过街道设施的统一设计实现街道空间的丰富性,并将城市历史文化和自然特征反映出来。


(二)人性化设计原则


在商业景观环境设计上,需坚持体现以人为本的理念,对人的感受给予更多关注,并致力于满足人的根本需求。在实际设计中,应为消费者提供足够的休憩空间,并为其完成优质停留和休息条件创造,以体现浓浓人情味。同时,还应实现完善配套设施设计,如导购图、路标和公共卫生设施等。通过巧妙结合绿化、雕塑和地面铺设等因素,能使购物环境得到进一步优化,并使景观环境设计品质得到有效提升。此外,应完成以人为本福利性设施的设计,以便为老人、儿童等特殊人群提供优质服务。


(三)多样化设计原则


伴随着社会的发展,商业步行街景观环境设计开始向着多元化方向发展。目前,步行街的商户本身就具有多样化的特征,使用人群也比较丰富,步行街上配备的设施及开展的活动也丰富多样,能够最大程度地满足人们的需求。因此,商业步行街景观环境设计应遵循多样化原则,以展现混合型商业形态特征,满足不同层次消费人群的差异性需求。为此,还要完成多样化景观、空间和功能设计,以便在商业步行街中融入多样化设计,进而通过吸引更多层次消费者实现项目开发经济效益。


(四)人文性设计原则


优秀的设计作品,不仅能够满足市场需求,还要与民族文化和地域文化相结合,才能更好地获得人们的认可。遵循人文性设计原则,采取地域、民俗和人文等不同视觉表达形式,可以使步行街景观设计起到传承文化和改善城市人文环境的作用,并成为体现地方特色的重要场所,进而成为具有保护价值的景观环境。因此,在进行商业步行街景观环境设计时,需将商业文化和本土文化结合起来,以提升设计的文化艺术性。


(五)生态性设计原则


商业步行街景观环境也属于人居环境,需拥有健全生态结构,以实现可持续发展。在景观环境设计上,应遵循生态性设计原则使环境生态保持平衡,以进行良好生态系统服务的提供。而步行街的绿地面积有限,想要确保生态平衡还要实现植物的合理配置。在实际设计中,应结合当地气候条件和人文历史进行适合的植物选择,并注重不同叶色树种搭配,以便在增加空间绿量的同时,使空间拥有丰富的色彩变化,进而满足人们的审美需要。在植物造景方面,还要使其与整齐划一的路行道树和纷繁复杂的公园景观区别开来,以展现商业步行街的环境景观特点。


(a) integrity design principles

Complete the design space, can make the person produces a full image, then ensure that landscape and rich, suitable. In the evaluation of the quality of living space, usually will take the suitability of the basic indicators. In the design of commercial pedestrian street landscape environment, space environment suitability depends on the space scale and the people's behavior pattern, complete proportion is suitable for the design and define distinct positive space. And want to introduce people to the space naturally, make sure that the integration of the space order, space to complete the structure transition of appropriate treatment. Therefore, the commercial pedestrian street landscape design should follow the principle of integrity, ensure that the overall planning and can and the integration of urban outer space environment, and realize the effective connection with the urban traffic network, to ensure that the surrounding area environment can be harmonious and unified. In the specific design process to pedestrian street, the traffic, lighting, landscape sketch, infrastructure and landscaping elements such as comprehensive consideration, so that through the unity of street furniture design to realize the richness of street space, and will reflect urban history and culture and natural characteristics.

(2) the humanized design principle

On the commercial landscape design, need to adhere to embody the people-oriented idea, pay more attention of the feelings of people, and is committed to meet people's fundamental needs. In actual design, consumers should be provided enough rest space, and for its complete condition creation, high quality and rested in the thick of the milk of human kindness. At the same time, should also implement design, perfect supporting facilities such as shoppers figure, road signs, and public health facilities, etc. Through the clever combination of greening, sculpture, and factors such as ground laid, can further optimize the shopping environment, and makes the landscape design to effectively improve quality. In addition, should complete the people-oriented design of welfare facilities, in order to provide quality services for the aged, children and other special people.

(3) the diversified design principles

With the development of the society, the commercial pedestrian street landscape design began to diversification development direction. At present, the pedestrian street merchants itself has the characteristics of diversity, use the crowd is more abundant, pedestrian street is equipped with facilities and activities are also diverse, can satisfy people's demand to the greatest extent. Therefore, the commercial pedestrian street landscape design should follow the principle of diversification, mixed business in morphological characteristics, meet the needs of the differences between different levels of consumer groups. To this end, and accomplish a diverse array of landscape, space and function design, so that in the commercial pedestrian street in diversified design, and level by attracting more consumers realize economic benefit of project development.

(4) humanistic design principles

Excellent design work, not only can satisfy the market demand, combined with national culture and regional culture, people can get better recognition. Follow the principle of humanism design, adopt regional, folk custom and the humanities, such as different visual expressing form, can make the pedestrian mall landscape design plays a role of inheriting culture and improve urban cultural environment, and become an important place, reflect local characteristics to become has the protection value of landscape environment. Therefore, in the commercial pedestrian street landscape design, to combine business culture and local culture, to enhance the artistic design of culture.

(5) the ecological design principle

Commercial pedestrian street landscape environment also belongs to the living environment, need to have healthy ecological structure, in order to realize sustainable development. On the landscape design should follow the ecological design principle to make the environment ecological balance, to provide good ecosystem services. And pedestrian street green space area is finite, wants to ensure that the ecological balance and realize the rational allocation of plants. In actual design, should be combined with local climate conditions and the humanities history for appropriate plant selection, and pay attention to the different tree leaf color is tie-in, in order to increase the amount of green space at the same time, make the space has a lot of color changes, which meet the aesthetic need of people. In plant landscape, but also with a uniform way apart from the trees and complicated park landscape, the landscape of the commercial pedestrian street in her characteristics.




 
 

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