色彩在居住区景观设计中的应用

1、住宅建筑色彩


住宅建筑色彩设计应该在统一的前提下具有可识别性,根据其坐落位置及对景观影响作用的不同,采取合理的处理形式,也可以通过寻求色彩的变化来完成。住宅建筑外形一般以较浅的、明快的调和色(如浅黄、浅灰、浅绿等)为主要基调。住宅群体的色彩要成组考虑,颜色以淡雅为宜,以营造一种明快、朴素、宁静的氛围。此外,建筑物局部(如阳台、栏杆等)的色彩可作重点处理,以达到统一中富有变化,如有些住宅建筑,在墙面上粉以深浅和色调不同的水平或垂直色块、色带,这样可以使住宅的外形更加生动。


2、环境小品色彩


按照环境小品的外观颜色,可将居住区小品分为2种类型:①色彩鲜明的小品。如指示类小品,包括居住区内的标牌、指示牌。这类小品色彩应该简洁明快,使人易于识别,但又要与环境的整体气氛相协调。再如,居住区儿童活动场所的游戏设施小品,一般采用色彩鲜艳的色调来给予突显以引起儿童的兴趣,从而满足儿童活泼好动的天性。②色彩朴素的小品。如座椅、灯柱、垃圾箱等一些功能性小品,其配色不能过于浓艳,否则连续的高纯度色调会过于醒目而破坏环境色彩的整体性。


3、灯光色彩


灯光在夜晚除具有照明功能外,还通过对建筑、构筑物、小品、草坪、树木及水体的照映,构建出千姿百态的光彩世界。居住区外环境的灯光色彩应把握以下3方面:①健康原则。相关研究表明,蓝色可消除紧张情绪;米黄色有利于休憩;黄色、橙色能使人兴奋、振作精神;白色可使人心平气和;红色使人呼吸加快。因此,选择居住区灯光色彩既要注意色彩的统一性,又要考虑到人们的身心健康。②整体原则。不同区域、不同位置、不同照度、不同色彩的光,这些差异容易导致室外色彩繁杂紊乱。在进行外环境的灯光设计时,要使灯光色彩成为一个有机的整体,且恰当地过度。③功能原则。居住区外环境灯光色彩的选择,还要考虑其使用功能。如在居住区的主要入口处应使用照明的灯光,如白色、米白色,使主要建筑物鲜明。


4、植物色彩


4.1植物色彩景观应与表达的主体一致。利用植物色彩可以创造出热闹或宁静、庄重或浪漫等氛围。如老人活动区花坛的色彩不宜采用暖色调而是用冷色调处理,从而创造出一种宁静的氛围;儿童活动区的植物配置,应选择色彩鲜艳的植物(如具有红花、红果的植物)来创造热闹的空问;中心水域的植物配置,应以淡色调花系植物为主,并结合枝形下垂、轻柔的植物,以体现水景轻柔、幽静的意境。


4.2植物色彩设计要考虑多样统一原理。即使是同色相的植物,由于明度不同、亮度不同也能产生不同的色彩感受,如绿色有浅绿、深绿、墨绿、黄绿等。在居住区植物景观设计中,不能使用过多的色彩来表现,应以某种色彩为主,进行对比色、互补色等搭配。


4.3植物色彩的季相或时序性。居住区植物景观设计要呈现出"三季有花,四季有景"的景观供居民观赏,这就需要设计者掌握各种植物的生态习性,通过科学和艺术的搭配,形成一幅动态的画面。


4.4突出植物的感染力。植物在环境中做主景时,尽量突出植物的引人注目、明视性和色彩的感染力。居住区植物配置中以突出的色彩作为主景时,便能够吸引人们的注意,尤其是以春花秋实为主的景观。


1, the residential building color

Residential building color design should be on the premise of unification have identifiable sex, according to its location and the different impact on the landscape effect, take reasonable processing form, also can be finished by seeking the color change. Residential building form general with shallow, lively harmonic color, such as yellow, light grey, green, etc.) as the main tone. The colour of residential community group to consider, the color with quietly elegant is advisable, to create a lively, simple and tranquil atmosphere. In addition, the local buildings (e.g., balcony, railing, etc.) of colour can make the key processing, to achieve unity in rich change, such as some residential building, powder on the metope with depth and tone of different horizontal or vertical color piece, ribbon, so that we can make the residence of the appearance is more vivid.

2, environmental sketch color

Sketch the appearance of the color according to the environment, residential essay can be divided into two types: (1) sketch of bright colours. Such as instructions, including signs, signs in the habitable zone. This kind of sketch should be concise and lively colour, make the person is easy to identify, but also to be coordinated with the whole atmosphere of the environment. Of new residential places games facilities children, generally USES the colorful color to give highlight to attract the interest of children, so as to meet the children lively nature. (2) colour simple sketch. Such as seats, lamp, the bin some functional sketch, its color cannot too more, or continuous high purity color will too eye-catching and damage the environment color integrity.

3, the light color

Lights at night in addition to the lighting function, also through to the buildings, structures, sketch, grass, trees and water body of the reflecting pool, construct various glorious world. The lights of the residential area environment color should grasp the following three aspects: (1) health principles. Studies show that blue can eliminate intense sentiment; Beige is helpful to have a rest; Yellow, orange can make a person excited, spirits; White can make a person calm; Red makes people breathe faster. Therefore, choose residential lighting color should not only pay attention to the unity of color, also want to consider the physical and mental health of people. (2) the whole principle. Different area, different position and different intensity of illumination and colour of light, these differences can easily lead to outdoor color complex disorders. In the external environment of lighting design, to make the light color as an organic whole, and excessive properly. (3) functional principle. Residential area environment light color choice, consider its use function. Should be used as in the main entrance of residential lighting lighting, such as white, rice white, make the main buildings.

4, plant color

4.1 color landscape plants should agree with the body of the expression. Plant color can be used to create a lively or quiet, solemn and romantic atmosphere. Such as the elderly activity area color flower bed with cold tonal processing, unfavorable use warm color to move, but to create a peaceful and tranquil atmosphere; Children's activity area of the plant configuration, should choose colourful plants (such as safflower, euonymus plants) to create a lively empty asked. Center water plant configuration, should with a light colour flower plants is given priority to, combined with the chandelier prolapse, soft plants, in order to reflect the artistic waterscape gentle, quiet.

4.2 the principle of unity of plant diversity of color design should consider. Even with the hue of the plant, due to different brightness, brightness can produce different feelings, such as green, light green, dark green, dark green, yellow, green, etc. In residential plant landscape design, can't use too much color, should be given priority in a certain color, contrast, complementary color collocation, etc.

4.3 plant color aspect or scheduling. Residential plant landscape design to present the "three season there are flowers, the view is four seasons" landscape for people viewing, which requires the designers to master all kinds of plant ecological habits, through the collocation of science and art, formed a dynamic picture.

4.4 highlight the appeal of plants. Plants in the environment do observe, try to highlight the plants of the appeal of eye-catching, bright and colour. Residential plant configuration to highlight color as the main feature, can attract people's attention, especially the landscape is given priority to with spring flower in autumn.




 
 

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